## Key Idea: Geometric figures, number sequences, graphs, diagrams, sketches, number lines, maps, and oral and written descriptions can be used to represent objects, events, and processes in the real world.

*Students are expected to know that**:*

- The term
*model*refers to a representation of something in the real world. - Models can represent objects.
- Models can represent events or processes.
- Geometric figures, diagrams, sketches, and maps can be used as models.
- Number sequences and graphs can be used as models.
- Oral and written descriptions can be used as models.

*Boundaries*:

- Students are not expected to know that simulations are examples of models.
- Students are not expected to know that mathematical statements or symbolic equations are examples of models.

Item ID Number |
Knowledge Being Assessed | Grades 6–8 |
Grades 9–12 |
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Both a map and a globe are representations of Earth (uses pictures). | See the Original Project | |||

An object, event, or process can be represented with a model. | See the Original Project | |||

See the Original Project | ||||

See the Original Project | ||||

See the Original Project | ||||

See the Original Project | ||||

See the Original Project | ||||

Both a drawing of a heart and a piece of clay shaped like a heart can be used as models of a heart. | See the Original Project | |||

Both a car and a car crash can be modeled because both objects and events can be modeled. | See the Original Project | |||

See the Original Project |

Misconception |
Student Misconception |
Grades |
Grades |
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See the Original Project |

Frequency of selecting a misconception was calculated by dividing the total number of times a misconception was chosen by the number of times it could have been chosen, averaged over the number of students answering the questions within this particular idea.

No NGSS statements are associated with this idea.