Misconception ENM031:

Individual organisms can deliberately develop new heritable traits because they need them for survival (Bishop & Anderson 1990; Passmore et al., 2002; Stern & Roseman, 2004).

Items that test for misconception ENM031
Item ID
Number

Item Description

How Often the Misconception was Chosen

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EN023001

When a new predator is introduced into a population of lizards, the individual lizards with the traits that best help them avoid the predator are more likely to survive and reproduce than the others.

47%

EN021002

When a change occurs in the environment, the individuals that have traits that are better suited for the changed environment would be more likely to survive and reproduce.

44%

EN034003

Some organisms survive and others die as the environment changes; this changes the proportion of organisms with certain traits in that population.

34%

EN026002

A population can differ from its ancestors because an environmental change can affect which inherited traits are most helpful and, therefore, which individuals are more likely to survive and reproduce.

33%

EN022002

If the type of seed available to a population of birds changes, the individual birds with the beak best equipped for eating the new type of seed are more likely to survive and reproduce than the others.

29%

EN030002

Bacteria become resistant to antibiotics when a few individual resistant bacteria survive and reproduce, passing their resistance on to the next generation.

23%

EN028002

If only large seeds are available, only the birds with large enough beaks will get enough food to survive and reproduce, and they will pass the trait of large beaks to the next generation.

12%