Does sunlight increase the temperature of the air around the earth directly, or does sunlight first increase the temperature of the land, which then increases the temperature of the air?

  1. Sunlight increases the temperature of the air directly, but sunlight does not increase the temperature of the land, and the land does not increase the temperature of the air.
  2. Sunlight increases the temperature of both the air and the land directly, but the land does not increase the temperature of the air.
  3. Sunlight increases the temperature of both the air and the land directly, and the land increases the temperature of the air.
  4. Sunlight increases the temperature of the land directly, but the land does not increase the temperature of the air, and the temperature of the air is not increased directly by the sunlight.

Distribution of Responses

Chart showing distrubtion of responses for Item WC030002

Percent of students responding correctly

Overall40%
Grades 6–836%
Grades 9–1246%
Male40%
Female40%
Primary Language is English40%
Primary Language is not English40%

View data table