Item RH058001: Children inherit half of the DNA in each of their cells from one parent, and half from the other parent.

In sexually reproducing organisms, such as humans, which of the following statements is TRUE about the DNA found in the cells of the children?

  1. All of the DNA in the cells of the children contains genetic information from just one of the parents.
  2. Half of the DNA in the cells of the children contains genetic information from one parent, and half of the DNA contains genetic information from the other parent.
  3. Some of the DNA in the cells of the children contains genetic information from each parent, but the amount of DNA containing information from each parent cannot be predicted.
  4. Most of the DNA in the cells of the sons contains genetic information from the father, and most of the DNA in the cells of the daughters contains genetic information from the mother.

Distribution of Responses

Chart showing distrubtion of responses for Item RH058001

Percent of students responding correctly

Overall50%
Grades 6–845%
Grades 9–1255%
Male47%
Female52%
Primary Language is English50%
Primary Language is not English48%

View data table