Item EN045002: Individuals of the same species may differ in their inherited traits, and these differences may affect their relative success in survival and reproduction.

Which of the following is TRUE about individuals of the same species?

  1. Individuals of the same species may have different inherited traits. These different inherited traits may cause differences in each individual’s chances of survival and reproduction.
  2. Individuals of the same species have the same inherited traits, therefore each individual has an equal chance of surviving and reproducing as any other individual of the same age and gender.
  3. Individuals of the same species have the same inherited traits but different acquired traits, such as what they have learned and skills they have developed. Only these different acquired traits can cause differences in each individual’s chances of survival and reproduction.
  4. Individuals of the same species may have different inherited traits, but these different traits do not cause differences in each individual’s chances of survival and reproduction.

Distribution of Responses

Chart showing distrubtion of responses for Item EN045002

Percent of students responding correctly

Overall41%
Grades 6–837%
Grades 9–1246%
Male41%
Female41%
Primary Language is English42%
Primary Language is not English32%

View data table