Item EN033002: If members of a species were moved to a new environment, many generations later their offspring would have both differences and similarities compared to the original population, because different traits are favorable in different environments.

Some of the individual members of a species of organism were moved to a new location that had different environmental conditions than their original location.  According to the theory of natural selection, what could happen after many generations to the descendants of the organisms that had been relocated?

  1. The descendants would look the same as the original individuals because species do not change.
  2. The descendants would look different from the original individuals in some ways, and they would look the same in some ways.
  3. The descendants would become a completely different species that would have no similarities to the original individuals.
  4. The descendants would look the same as the original individuals because the environment does not affect how species look.

Distribution of Responses

Chart showing distrubtion of responses for Item EN033002

Percent of students responding correctly

Overall63%
Grades 6–860%
Grades 9–1268%
Male61%
Female65%
Primary Language is English64%
Primary Language is not English54%

View data table